How to write the preliminary parts of the thesis?

How to write the preliminary parts of the thesis?

The most difficult step to complete any writing, including the thesis, is to start. How to do it? What should I write first? Or I do not know how to start !, surely are phrases that repeat in your mind when sitting on your computer and try to write your degree project.

Therefore, today we bring you a synthesis of the most practical and effective tips to build the preliminary sections of your final thesis document.

The summary

The complexity of the summary is that you have to have a great capacity for synthesis to be perfect. However, we are going to give you the key to do it in the best way.

The Summary must be made up of five parts.

  • a. The title of your thesis.
  • b. The general objective of the thesis.
  • c. The methodology used (briefly).
  • d. The main findings

and. The most important conclusion.

With these five points we guarantee that you will convince your advisor and you will have an excellent and complete summary.


Remember that generally the extension of a summary is between 200 and 250 words.

The introduction

The introduction is the letter of presentation of your thesis, in fact, many readers and juries are able to issue a value judgment on the quality of the thesis just by reading the content of this section.

Consequently, the introduction should be able to pick up the general idea and essence of the thesis.

For this reason, the correct thing is for the Introduction to answer four questions:

to. What will I investigate? The subject in question is described and contextualized. b. What am I going to do? You must justify your research, mention its academic and social importance.

c. How will I do the research? You must briefly write down the steps you will use to develop the investigation. In other words, you must summarize your methodology.

d. What are the expected results? At this point it is necessary to mention where you want to go with the investigation, what you hope to obtain with it.


You should not cite authors in the Introduction, unless you do so in the form of an epigraph.

You must not include the conclusions of the study.

Sometimes you can make a summary of what will contain each chapter of the thesis, so that the reader knows how it will be structured.

The objectives

3.1. The general objective

The general objective must mainly respond to the title and the research problem. There is a simple and professional way to formulate your general objective, which is to add a verb to the title of your thesis.

For example:
Title: “Determinants of poverty in Latin America between 1980 and 2015”. General objective: “Find the determinants of poverty in Latin America between 1980 and 2015”.

In this way the general objective is obtained. It is worth saying that the verb “find” can be changed to “establish”, “find”, “demonstrate”, among others.


You must bear in mind that when selecting it, it is preferable to avoid the use of verbs such as “train, motivate, change, improve, teach, among others that constitute final actions; given that this type of actions are almost never achieved during the investigative process. Mainly because they involve a lot of dedication of time and resources for an undergraduate thesis “.

3.2. The specific objectives

The specific objectives lead and respond to the general objective. They are the purposes that will mark your investigation.

The order that the specific objectives must have is a deductive order, that is, they must go from the general to the particular.

The following describes the content that the specific objectives must have according to the order:

The specific objectives 1 and 2 must contain a contextualization, diagnosis or description of the subject (generalities).

Specific objectives 3 and 4 must contain the discussion of results and proposals (particularities).


The most indicated is that an undergraduate thesis has between 3 and 5 specific objectives. However, the most important thing is that the number of these is equal to the number of chapters developed. Example: if you have four specific objectives, your thesis should consist of four chapters or sections.

IV. The approach of the problem

The approach to the problem consists of two parts: description of the problem and formulation of the problem (research question).

For the description of the problem we recommend you to take into account the following tips:

to. Explain some relevant fact or problem. Preferably supports with statistical data what is happening.

b. Identify what type of problem is: “Theorists; whose purpose is to generate new knowledge. Practical with goals aimed at progress. Theoretical-practical; to obtain unknown information in the solution of problems of practice “(Pérez, 2010, paragraph 6).

c. You should not deal with more than one problem. Remember what has been said: “Who covers a lot does not squeeze”. Dedicate yourself to solidly support a single research problem.

d. Mention the consequences of the problem. This will give the correct magnitude to your thesis and will cause its reading.

Regarding the formulation of the problem or research question, the simplest way to obtain it is by converting the general objective into a question.

For example:

Overall objective. “Identify the impact of social networks on households in the Bío-Bío region between 2009 and 2016”.

Question. “What is the impact of social networks on households in the Bío-Bío region in the period between 2009 and 2016?

V. The justification

The Justification must answer the reason for your investigation. You must mention the rationale for it.

So, for your justification to be complete you must mention and describe the following four points:

to. Mention the social importance of your research. You must say how your research benefits the society and the country or a specific population group; clarify how it contributes. You can raise it in the form of deadlines (short, medium and long).

b. Mention the academic importance of your research. You must say how your research benefits the academic world, the university and the centers of thought. State how your work contributes to the professorial and university debates.

c. Mention the scientific importance of your research. You must say in what way your study benefits the scientific community and what elements it contributes to future research.

d. Finally, describe how your research differs from those that have been done previously on the same subject.

In another article we share some incredible tips to develop the frameworks of the thesis.